Basset Fauve de Bretagne
Basset Fauve de Bretagne
Fawn Brittany Basset
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is a scenthound that originated in the Brittany region of France. It was developed to hunt in small packs for prey such as rabbit and hare. They are one of three Fauve de Bretagne, the others being Griffon and the extinct Grand.
Although the popular Basset Hound was created in England, there are actually six recognized breeds of basset, the other five are from France. They Include the Basset Fauve de Bretagne and its “cousins” the Basset Artésien Normand, Basset Bleu de Gascogne, Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen, and Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen.
Today the Basset Fauve de Bretagne is rarely seen outside of its homeland. However, it is becoming increasingly more common there as a hunting dog and companion.
Basset Fauve de Bretagne Standards
History of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne
Bassets have been known throughout France for centuries, with written records dating back to 1585. It is unknown how this type of dog was created, some have suggested they descend from other short-legged breeds such as Dachshunds or Corgis. Other experts believe that dwarfed scenthounds (possibly from the Saint Hubert Hound) were the first bassets. The latter is the more preferred theory, however, their origin is further debated as to whether or not this occurred multiple times or if different breeds were simply crossed with existing bassets.
However they came into existence, eventually, nearly every type of French hound had a basset variety. It is believed that some of the oldest of these breeds are the Basset Bleu de Gascogne and the now extinct Basset Saintongeois.
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is the youngest of the French bassets, developed in the 1800s when hunters desired a basset variety of the Griffon Fauve de Bretagne. It is unknown which bassets were used in its creation, although the Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen, Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen, and a wiry coated variety of the Basset Artésien Normand are the most likely candidates.
Like many European breeds, the Basset Fauve de Bretagne suffered heavily after WWII and was close to extinction. Most sources agree that Basset Griffon Vendéens and Wirehaired Dachsunds were added to the gene pool at that time to ensure the breed’s survival.
Today the Basset Fauve de Bretagne remains rare outside of France. However, its increase in numbers inside the country means its future looks secure.